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DAF : Delivered at Frontier

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Delivered At Frontier (...named place)

In Delivered At Frontier, the seller/exporter/manufacturer clears the goods for export and is responsible for making them available to the buyer at the named point and place at the frontier, not unloaded, and not cleared for import.

In the DAF term, naming the precise point, place, and time of availability at the frontier is very important as the buyer must make arrangements to unload and secure the goods in a timely manner.

Frontier can mean any frontier including the frontier of export. The DAF term is valid for any mode of shipment, so long as the final shipment to the named place at the frontier is by land.

The seller is not responsible for procuring and paying for insurance cover.

Example 1
DAF Laredo, Texas. Seller is in Dallas, Texas, buyer is in Mexico City, Mexico. The shipment travels by truck from Dallas to the frontier at Laredo, Texas USA where the buyer takes possession and trucks the goods to Mexico City.

Example 2
DAF Basel Switzerland. Seller is in Dallas, Texas, buyer is in Bern Switzerland. The shipment travels by truck from Dallas to Port Arthur, by ship to Le Havre, France and then by rail to the frontier in Basel where the buyer takes possession and transports the goods to the city of Bern.

Incoterm Category
DAF is a "D" Incoterm where the seller is responsible for all costs associated with delivering the goods to the named point and place of destination. "D" terms evidence "arrival" (as opposed to "shipment") contracts.

Modes of Transport Covered
All modes of transport including multimodal.

Seller's Responsibilities (summary)

  1. Goods- - Provide the goods, commercial invoice or electronic message, and other documentation as required by the sales contract.
  2. Licenses and Customs Formalities - a) Obtain at own risk and cost any export licenses and authorizations required to enable the buyer to deal with export formalities at the named frontier. And, if transshipped, b) Carry out all export formalities and procedures required to bring the goods to the named frontier.
  3. Carriage and Insurance - Contract for and pay all costs of carriage and transshipment (if necessary) to the named place. No obligation to provide insurance.
  4. Delivery - Make the goods available to the buyer unloaded at the frontier at the named point and place and on the date or period specified in the sales contract.
  5. Risk Transfer - Assume all risks of loss or damage to the goods until they have been made available to the buyer at the named point place and time at the frontier.
  6. Costs - Pay all costs until the goods have been delivered at the frontier, including carriage, and all prior to delivery export formalities.
  7. Notice to the Buyer - Provide sufficient notice of dispatch and projected arrival that the buyer can take appropriate action to arrange pick-up of the goods.
  8. Proof of Delivery, Transport Documents - Provide the buyer with documentary evidence of delivery at the frontier. At the buyer's request, risk and cost, provide a through document of transport to the named place of destination.
  9. Checking, Packing, Marking - Pay all costs associated with checking the quality and quantity of the goods to be in conformity with the sales contract. Provide appropriate packing (unless the goods are traditionally delivered unpackaged) as required for the transport of the goods, to the extent that the buyer has made transport circumstances known to the seller prior to the execution of the sales contract. Provide marking appropriate to the packaging.
  10. Other - Provide the buyer at the buyer's request, risk and expense any and all assistance in securing documentation originating in the country of export or of origin required for import. Provide the buyer with information necessary to obtain insurance.

Buyer's Responsibilities (summary)

  1. Payment - Pay for the goods as provided in the sales contract.
  2. Licenses and Customs Formalities - Obtain and pay costs of all import licenses and authorizations and carry out all import formalities.
  3. Carriage and Insurance - No obligation to the seller for either carriage or insurance.
  4. Taking Delivery - Take delivery of the goods once they are made available at the frontier.
  5. Risk Transfer - Assume all risk of loss or damage from the time the goods have been delivered at the named point, place and time at the frontier.
  6. Costs - Pay all costs for the goods once they have been delivered to the frontier including unloading. Pay all costs relating to import formalities including duties, taxes and formalities. Pay for transport from the frontier to the final destination.
  7. Notice to Seller - If, according to the sales contract, the buyer is able to specify a time for and/or a place of delivery, to give the seller sufficient notice.
  8. Proof of Delivery, Transport Document - Accept the seller's transport document so long as it is in conformity with the sales contract.
  9. Inspection(s) - Pay for the costs of pre-shipment inspection(s) except inspections required by the country of export.
  10. Other - Pay all costs associated with securing documentation from the country of origin or export required for import. Reimburse seller for costs in providing such documentation or assistance. Provide the seller with any authorizations, permits, documents or other information required for obtaining a through transport document.
View details of other Incoterms

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© World Trade Press. Reproduced with permission.